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A. Recreational Open Space

Where open space is required, at least one-third shall consist of recreational open space.

1. Table of Recreational Open Space

Recreational open space shall be provided by the type and percentages indicated in the following table:

Types of Recreational Open Space

Maximum Percent by Tier

Suburban

Urban

Compact

Property developed for active recreational purposes with fixed improvements (ballfields (e.g., goals, backstops, bleachers, etc.), tennis or basketball courts, golf courses, swim clubs, etc.); all-weather trails; playgrounds

100%

100%

100%

Benches, picnic tables, shelters, gazebos, multi-use fields

30%

30%

30%

Publicly accessible plazas and courtyards

100%

100%

2. Exemptions

a. Recreational open space is not required in the Rural Tier or for development pursuant to Sec. 6.9, Nonresidential and Group Living Development in Residential Districts.

b. The recreational open space requirement shall not apply to the additional open space required for a cluster subdivision. The recreational open space requirement shall only be applied to the amount that would be provided for a conventional subdivision.

3. Minimum Street Frontage Dimension and Accessibility

Except for walking paths and bicycle trails, recreational open space areas shall have at least one side with street frontage of at least 50 feet in length, and shall be accessible to residential development by sidewalks, pursuant to Article 12, Infrastructure and Public Improvement.

4. Minimum Location Requirements

a. In the Urban Tier, recreational open space shall be located so that at least 95% of the residential units in the subdivision or development are within a 1,300-foot walking distance of useable open space.

b. In the Suburban Tier, recreational open space shall be located so that at least 95% of the residential units in the subdivision or development are within a 2,600-foot walking distance of usable open space.

c. In the MU District, recreational open space shall be located in a central commons area around which different uses are located.

(1) If the development is greater than 100 acres, multiple common areas shall be provided.

(2) Central commons areas are not required if the entire mixed use development is solely vertically integrated.

B. The remaining required open space, and 100% of required open space where recreational open space is not required as indicated in paragraph 7.2.3A.2, shall consist of the types and percentages indicated in the following table:

Open Space Use

Maximum Percent by Tier

Rural

Suburban

Urban

Compact

Natural or Vegetated

Agriculture, horticulture, silviculture or pasture uses

100%

50%

Naturally vegetated or revegetated to appear naturally vegetated.

100%

100%

100%

100%

Severe development constraints or other conditions that affect their usability by residents of the development, including properties in the flood fringe, floodway, water bodies, exceptionally low or wet soils, or steep slopes.

100%

50%

100%

100%

Durham Inventory Sites

100%

100%

100%

100%

Tree protection areas, project boundary buffers

100%

100%

100%

100%

Recreational

Property developed for active recreational purposes with fixed improvements (ballfields (e.g., goals, backstops, bleachers, etc.), tennis or basketball courts, golf courses, swim clubs, etc.); all-weather trails; playgrounds).

100%

50%

50%

50%

Benches, picnic tables, shelters, gazebos, multi-use playfields

100%

50%

50%

50%

Publicly accessible plazas and courtyards

100%

100%

Other

Stormwater management and community wastewater disposal systems if active recreational uses are incorporated. Easements for drainage, access and underground utilities

25%

25%

50%

50%

Land dedicated per Sec. 12.5, Recreation Land

100%

100%

100%

100%

C. Notwithstanding the above requirements, area within required riparian buffers can be used to satisfy any open space requirement.