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Banquet Hall: See “Event Venue.”

Bar: See “Nightclub.”

Base Flood: The flood having a one percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year based on current conditions hydrology.

Base Flood Elevation (BFE): The water surface elevations for the Base Flood as published in the Flood Insurance Study. When the BFE has not been provided in a Special Flood Hazard Area, it may be obtained from engineering studies available from a Federal, State, or other source using FEMA-approved engineering methodologies. This elevation, when combined with the Freeboard, establishes the Regulatory Flood Protection Elevation in Special Flood Hazard Areas.

Base Station: A structure or equipment at a fixed location that enables FCC-licensed or authorized wireless communications between user equipment and a communication network. The term does not encompass a wireless support structure as defined in this section or any equipment associated with a tower.

Basement: The lowest level or story which has its floor sub-grade on at least three sides.

Bed and Breakfast: A state-regulated facility for overnight accommodations as defined under NCGS § 130A-247.

Being Conducted: A land-disturbing activity has been initiated and permanent stabilization of the site has not been completed.

Best Management Practice or BMP: Stormwater and runoff pollution control practices designed to reduce the amount of flow or pollutants contained in discharges to the stormwater conveyance system and receiving waters.

Bicycle Parking, Long-Term: Bicycle parking that is not required to be publicly accessible, but provided for the use of residents, employees, and visitors to a site for long periods of time during a day or overnight.

Bicycle Parking, Short-Term: Bicycle parking that is publicly and readily accessible, and visible, with the intention to be used for short periods of time.

Block: A usually rectangular space enclosed by right-of-way and occupied by or intended for buildings.

Block Face: One side of a right-of-way between two consecutive intersecting or intercepting rights-of-way, natural barrier, or between a cross-street and the end of a dead end street or cul-de-sac. Where a street curves so that any two adjacent 100-foot chords thereof form an angle of 120 degrees or less, measured along the centerline of the street, such curve shall be construed as an intersecting street.

Borrow: Fill material which is required for on-site construction and is obtained from other locations.

Boulevard: Major streets with a median and two or more lanes that are identified and further described on the adopted Comprehensive Transportation Plan, as amended.

Brewery: A brewery that produces 15,000 or more US beer barrels (460,000 US gallons) per year.

Broadcast Antennae, TV/HDTV/AM/FM Broadcast Facility: Broadcast antenna-supporting structures and/or towers, including replacements, which contain antennae/towers that transmit signals for television and radio communications.

Buffer: A portion of property designated to mitigate impacts between land uses or transportation routes, or to protect water features from pollutants.

Buffer Zone: The strip of land adjacent to a lake or natural watercourse.

Build-To Line: The line a set distance from the back of curb establishing the required building location. Build-to lines shall be measured from the predominant curbline (not including bulb outs) or future curbline where no curb currently exists.

Build-To, Percent of Frontage: The percent of the principal structure’s frontage that shall be constructed to a fixed line designed to pull structures forward on a lot. The required minimum build-to is set out as a percentage of the frontage.

Building: As defined in the North Carolina Building Code, as amended, or the North Carolina Residential Code for One and Two-Family Dwellings, as amended, as applicable.

Building Articulation: See Articulation.

Building Base: The lower level(s) of the building podium specifically designed and articulated as the base or plinth of the building.

Building Coverage: The horizontal area within the outside of the exterior walls of the ground floor of all principal and accessory buildings. Building coverage is set forth as a percentage of the total lot area.

Building Elevation: One of the exterior vertical faces of a building.

Building Envelope: The area between all required setbacks within which a structure can be located.

Building Front: The side of the building closest to and most nearly parallel with the street which provides access to the lot. In the case of a corner lot or through lot, either side abutting a street may be considered to be the front.

Building Line: The primary edge of a building closest to the street, side, and rear property lines, and extending from the physical edge of the building.

Building Permit: A permit issued by the Inspections Department in conformance with the State Building Code.

Building, Primary or Principal: A building which contains the principal use(s). In a residential district, any primary dwelling shall be deemed to be a primary building on the lot on which it is situated.

Building Podium: See Podium.

Building Separation: The required separation between primary buildings.

Bulk Storage: Storage material in containers or tanks for sale to retail dealers, distributors, or outlets or for storage prior to disposal.

Build-to Zone: In Design Districts, the area parallel to the street where a street-facing façade or forecourt is required to be located.