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Bar: See “Nightclub

Base Flood: The flood having a one percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year based on current conditions hydrology.

Base Flood Elevation (BFE): The water surface elevations for the Base Flood as published in the Flood Insurance Study. When the BFE has not been provided in a Special Flood Hazard Area, it may be obtained from engineering studies available from a Federal, State, or other source using FEMA-approved engineering methodologies. This elevation, when combined with the Freeboard, establishes the Regulatory Flood Protection Elevation in Special Flood Hazard Areas.

Base Station: A structure or equipment at a fixed location that enables FCC-licensed or authorized wireless communications between user equipment and a communication network. The term does not encompass a wireless support structure as defined in this section or any equipment associated with a tower.

Basement: The lowest level or story which has its floor sub-grade on at least three sides.

Bed and Breakfast: A state-regulated facility for overnight accommodations as defined under NCGS § 130A-247.

Being Conducted: A land-disturbing activity has been initiated and permanent stabilization of the site has not been completed.

Best Management Practice or BMP: Stormwater and runoff pollution control practices designed to reduce the amount of flow or pollutants contained in discharges to the stormwater conveyance system and receiving waters.

Bicycle Parking, Long-Term: Bicycle parking that is not required to be publicly accessible, but provided for the use of residents, employees, and visitors to a site for long periods of time during a day or overnight.

Bicycle Parking, Short-Term: Bicycle parking that is publicly and readily accessible, and visible, with the intention to be used for short periods of time.

Block: A usually rectangular space enclosed by right-of-way and occupied by or intended for buildings.

Block Face: One side of a right-of-way between two consecutive intersecting or intercepting rights-of-way, natural barrier, or between a cross-street and the end of a dead end street or cul-de-sac. Where a street curves so that any two adjacent 100-foot chords thereof form an angle of 120 degrees or less, measured along the centerline of the street, such curve shall be construed as an intersecting street.

Boarding House: A building, other than a hotel, rooming house, or bed and breakfast inn, containing at least four, but not more than nine guest rooms. At least one meal is provided to guests. Individual guest rooms shall not contain kitchens.

Borrow: Fill material which is required for on-site construction and is obtained from other locations.

Boulevard: Major streets with a median and two or more lanes that are identified and further described on the adopted Comprehensive Transportation Plan, as amended.

Brewery: A brewery that produces 15,000 or more US beer barrels (460,000 US gallons) per year.

Broadcast Antennae, TV/HDTV/AM/FM Broadcast Facility: Broadcast antenna-supporting structures and/or towers, including replacements, which contain antennae/towers that transmit signals for television and radio communications.

Buffer: A portion of property designated to mitigate impacts between land uses or transportation routes, or to protect water features from pollutants.

Buffer Zone: The strip of land adjacent to a lake or natural watercourse.

Build-To Line: The line a set distance from the back of curb establishing the required building location. Build-to lines shall be measured from the predominant curbline (not including bulb outs) or future curbline where no curb currently exists.

Build-To, Percent of Frontage: The percent of the principal structure’s frontage that shall be constructed to a fixed line designed to pull structures forward on a lot. The required minimum build-to is set out as a percentage of the frontage.

Building: As defined in the North Carolina Building Code, as amended, or the North Carolina Residential Code for One and Two-Family Dwellings, as amended, as applicable.

Building Articulation: See Articulation.

Building Base: The lower level(s) of the building podium specifically designed and articulated as the base or plinth of the building.

Building Coverage: The horizontal area within the outside of the exterior walls of the ground floor of all principal and accessory buildings. Building coverage is set forth as a percentage of the total lot area.

Building Elevation: One of the exterior vertical faces of a building.

Building Envelope: The area between all required setbacks within which a structure can be located.

Building Front: The side of the building closest to and most nearly parallel with the street which provides access to the lot. In the case of a corner lot or through lot, either side abutting a street may be considered to be the front.

Building Line: The primary edge of a building closest to the street, side, and rear property lines, and extending from the physical edge of the building.

Building Permit: A permit issued by the Inspections Department in conformance with the State Building Code.

Building, Primary or Principal: A building which contains the principal use(s). In a residential district, any primary dwelling shall be deemed to be a primary building on the lot on which it is situated.

Building Podium: See Podium.

Building Separation: The required separation between primary buildings.

Bulk Storage: Storage material in containers or tanks for sale to retail dealers, distributors, or outlets or for storage prior to disposal.

Build-to Zone: In Design Districts, the area parallel to the street where a street-facing façade or forecourt is required to be located.